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the establishment of the State of Islam

The Da’wah (Islamic Propagation) was intellectually undertaken by a party bloc (Takattul) which the Messenger of Allah (saw) proceeded with and it explained and clarified all of the steps and stages that the Da’wah (Islamic Propagation) requires in order for it to reach the stage of application and implementation manifested in the establishment of the State of Islam, which then commences to implement the (Islamic) solutions and treatments. The Daw’ah at this point moved on to a new stage which necessitated that it should not be restricted to the intellectual manner of carrying the Da’wah (Islamic Propagation) alone. It did not find this sufficient and it did not stop at that but rather He (swt) commanded His Messenger (saw) and the believers to break the material barriers and obstacles that stood in the way of the Islamic Da’wah (Islamic Propagation).

This is because the Tareeqah (method) of carrying the Da’wah (Islamic Propagation) in this stage necessitates the imposing of the system of Islam upon the people and to apply the rulings of Islam upon them. This is so that they can perceive and realise the truthfulness of its thought and the justice of its legislation without being hindered by the existence of barriers, distortions, misrepresentations or compulsion. For this reason the Aayaat came in succession that commanded the Muslims with Al-Jihaad and to fight the Kuffaa r (disbelievers) who stood as an obstacle between the Muslims and the application of Islam upon the people. Allah (swt) says: Permission [to fight] has been given to those who are being fought, because they were wronged. And indeed, Allah is all capable to give them victory. (Al-Hajj 39). And His (swt)’s speech: So when you meet those who disbelieve [in battle], strike [their] necks until, when you have inflicted slaughter upon them, then secure their bonds, and either [confer] favor afterwards or ransom [them] until the war lays down its burdens (Muhammad 4).

This applies to those who believe in Allah but disbelieve in the Prophethood of Muhammad (saw) like the Jews and the Christians just as it applies to those who disbelieve in Allah and the Prophethood of Muhammad (saw) like the Arab Mushrikeen (polytheists) or the Majoos amongst others. It is for the purpose of applying Islam upon them so that they can see the truthfulness of its thought and witness its justice without being forced or compelled and far away from deception, malice and envy. Allah (swt) said: Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture - [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled. (At-Taubah 29). And it is like His (swt)’s speech: O you who have believed, fight those adjacent to you of the disbelievers and let them find in you harshness. And know that Allah is with the righteous. (At- Taubah 123).

Similarly the Seerah of the Messenger (saw) throughout his life is considered to be the practical implementation of this ideology. The following came in the Hadeeth related by Sulaymaan Bin Buraidah from his father who said: (When the Messenger of Allah (saw) used to appoint an Ameer (Leader) over an army he would exhort him especially to have Taqwaa (fear) of Allah and to be good to the Muslims who were with him. He would say: Fight in the name of Allah and in the way of Allah. Fight against those who disbelieve in Allah. Make a holy war, do not embezzle the spoils; do not break your pledge; and do not mutilate (the dead) bodies; do not kill the children. When you meet your enemies who are polytheists, invite them to three courses of action. If they respond to any one of these, you also accept it and restrain yourself from doing them any harm. Invite them to (accept) Islam; if they respond to you, accept it from them and desist from fighting against them. Then invite them to migrate from their lands to the land of Muhaajiroon and inform them that, if they do so, they shall have all the privileges and obligations of the Muhaajiroon.

If they refuse to migrate, tell them that they will have the status of Bedouin Muslims and will be subjected to the Commands of Allah like other Muslims, but they will not get any share from the spoils of war or Fai' except when they actually fight with the Muslims (against the disbelievers). If they refuse to accept Islam, demand from them the Jizyah. If they agree to pay, accept it from them and hold off your hands. If they refuse this then seek Allah's help against them) Muslim, Ibn Maajah and Ad-Daarami.
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