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specific manners to implement treatments or solutions

When it commanded the mind to be safeguarded it provided the Tareeqah to implement this by way of the lashing the drunkard and when it addressed the safeguarding and protection of the human dignity and honour it made the manner of implementing this, the lashing of the Qaadhif (the one who slanders the woman’s honour). When it made obligatory the preservation of progeny i.e. the safeguarding of the human kind, it put down the punishment of blood money for sterilization and castration. When Islam established that lineages should not be mixed, it put down a gruesome death penalty as punishment (Stoning) for the Muhsin (married) Zaani (Adulterer) so that human procreation and lineage would be protected.

When Islam commanded that the wealth and properties of the people should be safeguarded it made the cutting the hand the method of implementing that. When it wanted to spread tranquillity within the breasts of the people and the spread of security and stability in the society it made death or crucifixion or the cutting of the hand and foot on opposite sides as the punishment for those who want to infringe upon the security of the people (highway robbery). And when it decided to safeguard the Aqeedah it made death the punishment for the apostate. When it made the implementation of all of these rulings obligatory and obliged the establishing of its thought in life’s reality, it also made it obligatory upon the people to deputise and delegate an individual from amongst them to undertake this implementation. In other words it made it obligatory to pledge allegiance to a Khalifah to implement that and it made death the punishment for the one that rebels against the Khalifah i.e. against the State.

In this way it did not leave a treatment or solution without providing a specific manner to implement it which the State is responsible for undertaking. In summary, it did not find it sufficient to present solutions to the people that explain how they regulate their actions and satisfy their needs and hungers (drives). Rather it (also) provided the specific manners to implement every one of these treatments or solutions. In other words, it is not sufficient to merely write a medical prescription and leave it to the hospital patient to take the treatment by himself. Rather it functions like an organised hospital in which the nurse takes responsibility over the patient and makes sure that he receives the medicine whether this was voluntarily taken or forced. This even relates to the behaviours of the individual himself i.e. the relationship of the individual with himself or his relationship with his Rabb (creator and Lord). Indeed it did not find it sufficient to present the treatment alone but rather obliged the implementation of this treatment or solution.

So if the patient does not take his treatment of worship like the prayer (for example) then it is obligatory upon those responsible over the implementation to put down a preventative punishment so that he takes the treatment. And when he does not abide by a moral or dietary treatment then a punishment is similarly enforced according to what is sufficient to deter him and so that he follows the upright way and sound path. Sixth: As we have stated it is a comprehensive thought that looks at the human in his human capacity and it has been established for the sake of his happiness and his revival. Therefore it has adopted the obligation of carrying it to the people and inviting them to embrace it. It addressed the minds so that they could comprehend its true reality and it established the proofs and evidences for its correctness.

However it did not leave this as a mere advice that the individual implements if he wishes to, but rather it provided a specific manner that explains how this thought is carried to the people and the way by which the people will be able to fully sense or feel that true reality without being impeded by that which obscures their view or distorts its image. For example: When Allah (swt) commanded the Muslims to carry the Da’wah (Islamic Propagation) to the people: And We have not sent you except comprehensively to mankind as a bringer of good tidings and a warner (Saba’ 28). He (swt) did not find it sufficient to leave it to exhortation and advice alone like that which came in His speech (swt): Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best. Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who has strayed from His way, and He is most knowing of who is [rightly] guided. (An -Nahl 125). Or like His (swt)’s speech: And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allah and does righteousness and says, "Indeed, I am of the Muslims." (Fussilaat 33).
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